Any type of Hacktivism is the act of misusing computer systems or networks for socially or politically motivated reasons. Hacktivism is known as Hacktivists.
Hacktivism means to attract people’s attention to something on which a worker believes that this is an important issue or reason, such as information or freedom of human rights. For example, this may be a way of expressing a hatchwish, for example, displaying a message or picture on an organization’s website, they believe that he is doing something wrong.
Hacktivists are usually individuals, but there are groups of Hacktivists who work in coordinated efforts, such as Anonymous or LulzSec. Most names in the hectivist are anonymously.
A hackavist uses the same tools and techniques as a hacker but it does to disrupt the services and focus on a political or social cause. For example, Hacktivists can leave a highly visible message on a website’s homepage that receives too much traffic or opposes the point-view that is being opposed. Hacktivists often deny DoS attacks to disrupt traffic on a particular site.
The validity of Hacktivism is a point of debate. While peaceful opposition in many countries is legal, attacks of the federal service crime (DDoS) in the United States can be considered a federal offense and those attacks are illegal in many other places, including the European Union, United Kingdom and Australia. Opponents argue that hacktivism causes a loss in a forum, where there is already enough opportunity for free speech. Others say that such works are equivalent to a protest and hence it is preserved in the form of free speech. Radicalists often consider their activities as a form of civil disobedience, which means they are breaking the law to pursue their opposition.
Types of Hacktivism
Hacktivists use different techniques to get their message. Some tips include the following:
Changing the code for websites – such as government websites – or software is used to display an error or a specific message to a person who goes to a site or uses the software.
Website mirroring occurs when Head Writers repeat the content of a legitimate website, but with a slightly different URL. This technique is often used around censorship, which blocks a particular site. If a website has been censored, it will duplicate heavyweight content and attach it to a different URL on the mirror site so that the content can be accessed.
Geo-Explosives in which Internet users add geotags to YouTube videos, use hectivists to display the location of videos posted by political prisoners and human rights to display the location of Google Earth and Google Maps. . . The workers are there.
Anonymously is the strategy used by blogging workers, whistleblowers and journalists. It protects Blogger by providing a platform to talk about an issue, such as human rights violations and repressive government rules.
The use of software allows RECAP users to search for free copies of documents, which are accessible only by paying fees for the United States federal court database, known as PACER (Public Access to Court Electronic Records) is. is. goes.
Leaking information is a popular strategy with workers. An insider will usually reach sensitive or classified information – including any person, organization or government agency in any kind of malicious activity – and make it publicly available. WikiLeaks has become a popular site for publishing leaked data.
Doxing is a collection of information – through hacking or social engineering – about a specific person or organization and making it public. The information is usually sensitive and sometimes used in extortion recovery schemes.
Dynamic-off-service attacks and distributed denial-service attacks have become popular with hacktivists who use them to prevent users from accessing targeted computer systems, devices, or networks. DoS and DDoS attack flood systems with traffic and heavy resources and make it difficult to use them.
There is some debate on whether the DoS attacks are hypocrisy and if they are, then they are illegal or not.
Some Ex of Hactivist groups
Anonymous is a decentralized, international group that has become one of the most famous Hacktivist groups due to many high-profile attacks. Anonymous first appeared on 4chan forums in 2003 and when he attacked the Church of Scientology in 2008, he came to the headlines. The group has adopted the graphic novel as a symbol of Vendetta and has used Guy Fox mask from film V and often uses tagline “We are anonymous, we are army. We do not forgive. We do not forget. ” Regardless of identity. Members have been arrested with their own group, many people, who often use controversial techniques. The group is known to “declare war” on politicians including Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton, and they have supported the movements of occupation.
LulzSec, or Lulz Security, is a spinoff group part of anonymous hackers. Five members of the anonymous started Lullzack in 2011 and did not use information identifying anyone else. The most important attack by Lullzack was made when the group took down the FBI website in 2011, although many members were arrested in this attack.
WikiLeaks is a website that Julian Assange and hosts started with leaked documents in 2006. WikiLeaks claims to be an independent, non-profit online media organization. The first notable document published on WikiLeaks was approximately 79,500 documents in the US war in Afghanistan, after which there were about 400,000 documents about the war in Iraq. WikiLeaks is also known for leaking 20,000 emails and 8,000 email attachments from the Democratic National Committee, which were sent during the 2016 U.S. Presidential campaign.